Sudan Sudan, country located in northeastern Africa. The name Sudan derives from the Arabic expression bilād al-sūdān (“land of the blacks”), by which medieval Arab geographers referred to the settled African countries that began at the southern edge of the Sahara. For more than a century, Sudan—first as a colonial holding, then as an independent country—included its neighbour South Sudan, home to many sub-Saharan African ethnic groups. Prior to the secession of the south in 2011, Sudan was the largest African country, with an area that represented more than 8 percent of the African continent and almost 2 percent of the world’s total land area. Sudan has so much to offer, here are some of the things Sudan is known for. Meroe Pyramids: Discovering Sudans most striking archaeological site, with a row of superb pyramids. Kassala: Diving into exotic markets and scrambling around the photogenic Taka Mountains. Karima: Sweeping away the sandy layers of time and discovering a wealth of pharaonic ruins, tombs and pyramids. Soleb: Being overawed by a mighty Egyptian temple. Nuba Mountains: Relishing the lush greenery of the mountains where Africa meets Arabia (but only if its safe). Kerma: Surveying the world from the top of a mud-brick fortress. Port Sudan: Diving into a rainbow of colour on the pristine coral reefs of the Sudanese Red Sea. National Museum: Taking a lesson in history at Sudans best museum. Naqa: Visiting two spellbinding temples that are some of the finest example of Kushite architecture.