The gift[s] of the Nile River.The Greek historian, Herodotus, coined the phrase that Egypt was the gift of the Nile, in his An Account of Egypt: Being the Second Book of His Histories Called EuterpeHerodotus of Halicarnassus was a Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BC (c. 484 BC-c. 425 BC) and is regarded as the Father of History in Western culture.He is cited as writing - That of the Nile the river rises of itself, waters the fields, and then sinks back again - thereupon each man sows his field and waits for the harvest. This was obviously referring to the annual flood.He also described Egypt as A land won by the Egyptians and given them by the Nile.So Egypt was the Nile Rivers gift - because without the Nile there would be no Egypt only desert.So anything derived from the Nile would also be looked upon as a gift - the water, the floods fertile soil, the fish and the rivers obvious use for transport etc.The link below provides information and a number of short videos.