Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: Land of the South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century.The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1 December 1918-April 17, 1941), also known as the First Yugoslavia, was a monarchy formed as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes after World War I and re-named on 6 January 1929 by Alexander I of Yugoslavia. It was invaded on 6 April 1941 by the Axis powers and capitulated eleven days later. = The Second Yugoslavia (29 November 1943-25 June 1991), a socialist successor state to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, existed under various names, including the Democratic Federation of Yugoslavia (DFY) (1943), the Federal Peoples Republic of Yugoslavia (FPRY) (1946), and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) (1963). It disintegrated in the Yugoslav Wars, which followed the secession of most of the constituent elements of SFRY. = The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) (April 27, 1992-February 3, 2003), was a federation on the territory of the two remaining republics of Serbia (including the autonomous provinces of Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija) and Montenegro. = The Union of Serbia and Montenegro was formed on February 3, 2003 and officially abolished the name Yugoslavia. On June 3 and June 5, 2006, Montenegro and Serbia respectively declared their independence, thereby ending the last remnants of the former great Yugoslav federation. ===
Serbia is largely mountainous. Its northeast section is part of the rich, fertile Danubian Plain drained by the Danube, Tisa, Sava, and Morava river systems. It borders Croatia on the northwest, Hungary on the north, Romania on the northeast, Bulgaria on the east, Macedonia on the south, and Albania, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina on the west.
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